Paul Cézanne was born in Aix-en-Provence, on January 19th, 1839. His father, a hatter who became a banker in 1848, did not marry with Anne-Elisabeth Aubert, mother of his son Paul, until 1844, when Paul was enrolled at the elementary school of Epineaux Street. From 1844 to 1858, Paul Cézanne was registered at Saint-Joseph’s Catholic school, then at the Bourbon school, present-day Mignet school, where he obtained a liberal arts diploma with the grade “average”, on November 12th, 1858. It is in the school’s playground in 1852 that Paul Cézanne met Émile Zola, with whom he frequently went for walks in the Aix countryside. From 1857 to 1862, Paul enrolled in the free municipal school of drawing where he won the second prize in drawing in 1859.
In 1858, Émile Zola left Aix for Paris and Cézanne planned to join him there. In April 1861, he finally convinced his father to let him devote his life to painting and joined Emile in Paris. Disappointed by this first visit, he returned to Aix in September and worked as an employee at his father’s bank.
January 19th: birth of Paul Cézanne, at 28 rue de l’Opéra, in Aix-en-Provence.
February 22nd: baptism in the church of the Madeleine. His father, Louis-Auguste Cézanne, was a felt hat merchant.
July 4th: birth of Marie Cézanne, the artist’s sister, at 55 cours Mirabeau.
January 29th: marriage of Louis-Auguste Cézanne and Anne-Elisabeth Aubert, mother of his children.
1844 – 1850
Paul Cézanne attends the elementary school on Epineaux Street .
June 1st: creation of the Cézanne and Cabassol Bank.
1850 – 1852
Paul Cézanne studies at Saint-Joseph’s boarding school.
1852 – 1858
Paul Cézanne, a student at the Bourbon school, forges a strong friendship with Émile Zola and Baptistin Baille.
June 30th: birth of Rose Cézanne, the artist’s second sister, at 14 rue Matheron.
First enrollment in the free municipal school of drawing, the present-day Granet Museum.
February: Zola leaves Aix for Paris, but returns to spend his summer holidays there.
July: Cézanne fails the baccalaureat.
November 12th: he obtains his diploma with the grade: “average”.
November 1858 to August 1859: he diligently follows the courses of the municipal school of drawing.
Paul Cézanne enrolls at the Aix law school. His father acquires the Jas de Bouffan. Zola again spends his holidays in Aix.
November 1859 to August 1860: Paul Cézanne is still enrolled at the municipal school of drawing. He wins second prize for a painted study of a face. He dreams of becoming painter.
He gives up his law studies. He stays for the first time in Paris, where he joins Zola and meets Pissaro at the Swiss Academy; discouraged, he returns to Aix and starts working at his father’s bank while studying at the Aix municipal school of drawing.
He leaves his father’s bank and goes back to Paris (November).
He exhibits in the Refusés Gallery, he works at the Swiss academy where he often meets with Pissaro, Guillaumin, Guillemet, and Oller, and he copies paintings in the Louvre.
He was refused by the Gallery and was refused once again during the following years. He remains in Estaque, close to Marseilles.
After having spent the year in Paris, where he was refused by the Gallery, he returns to Aix for the summer where he meets with Valabrègue, Marion, and the German musician Morstatt.
In Aix, in autumn, Cézanne paints an entire series of still lifes and portraits with a knife.
In Paris, he meets Hortense Fiquet, who he will later wed.
During the Franco-Prussian War, he takes refuge in Estaque.
Birth of Paul, son of the artist and Hortense.
He takes part in the first and the third impressionist exhibits.
He is accepted at the Gallery, the only time in his career.
He meets Monet and Renoir in the south of France.
Following the publication of Zola’s L’Oeuvre, Cézanne parts ways with his former comrade from the Bourbon school. He marries Hortense (April). The artist’s father dies(October).
Cézanne rents a room at the Château Noir in the pistachio tree’s patio.
From Aix, Cézanne goes to Mont Sainte Victoire and the Bibémus quarries where he rents a cottage. The merchant Vollard organizes in his gallery the first individual exhibit devoted to Cézanne (November).
Cézanne works in Tholonet and at the Bibémus quarry. The artist’s mother dies (October 25th).
After the sale of Jas de Bouffan, Cézanne fails to purchase Château Noir. He exhibits paintings at the Independents Gallery. He moves into 23 Boulegon Street.
The painter buys property along the Lauves road through Aix, in order to establish his studio there.
Ambroise Vollard visits Cézanne in Aix. The painter learns of Zola’s death with great sadness.
Émile Bernard and Charles Camoin visit Cézanne in Aix.
Cézanne exhibits his work at the Autumn Gallery.
Cézanne dies in Aix (October 23rd) in his apartment on Boulegon Street.
The Autumn Gallery devotes a posthumous retrospective to Cézanne where 56 works of the artist are presented.